Editor’s Choice: “Aquascaping”
Every piece of land is unique and offers different materials and microenvironments, ecoscaping aims to design in harmony with the land and create an environmentally healthy and sustainable landscape. Some scholars consider Downing to be The Father of American Landscape Architecture, although others choose Frederick Law Olmsted. Landscape engineering is the interdisciplinary application of engineering and other applied sciences to the design and creation of anthropogenic landscapes. Ian McHarg was known for introducing environmental concerns in landscape architecture. He popularized a system of analyzing the layers of a site in order to compile a complete understanding of the qualitative attributes of a place. Among these were Central Park in New York City, Prospect Park in Brooklyn, New York and Boston's Emerald Necklace park system. McHarg would give every qualitative aspect of the site a layer, such as the history, hydrology, topography, vegetation, etc. It can also be described as green engineering, but the design professionals best known for landscape engineering are landscape architects. Landscape performance assessment is critical to both of these, and is also important for estimating liability and levels of financial assurance.
It builds on the strengths and history of reclamation practice. In 1841 his first book, A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening, Adapted to North America, was published to a great success; it was the first book of its kind published in the United States. During the latter 19th century, the term landscape architect begun to be used by professional landscapes designers, and was firmly established after Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. A practitioner in the profession of landscape architecture is called a landscape architect. It includes scientific disciplines: Agronomy, Botany, Ecology, Forestry, Geology, Geochemistry, Hydrogeology, and Wildlife Biology.
There can be significant overlap of talents and skills, depending on the education, licensing, and experience of the professional. and Beatrix Jones (later Farrand) with others founded the American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA) in 1899.